The Sponsored Research Agreement should specify the intellectual property (IP) rights of the sponsor. Yale generally retains ownership of the patent rights and other intellectual property resulting from sponsored research. However, the sponsor may have rights to obtain a license to the defined and expected outcomes of the research. Often, sponsored research contracts allow the sponsor a limited time to negotiate a license for any patent or intellectual property rights developed as the result of the research. Even so, the sponsor generally will not have contractual rights to discoveries that are clearly outside of the scope of the research. Therefore, it is important to define the scope of work within a research agreement. Sponsored research projects may be handled by OCR, but they are more typically negotiated by Grants and Contracts. OCR works with Grants and Contracts to clarify IP issues in sponsored research agreements.