- Non-Disclosure Agreements (NDAs), also known as Confidential Disclosure Agreements (CDAs), are often used to protect the confidentiality of an invention during evaluation by potential licensees. NDAs/CDAs also protect proprietary information of third parties that Yale researchers need to review in order to conduct research, or evaluate research opportunities. OCR enters into NDAs/CDAs for Yale proprietary information shared with someone outside of Yale.
- Inter-Institutional Agreements describe the terms under which two or more institutions (e.g., two universities) will collaborate to assess, protect, market, license, and share in the revenues received from licensing jointly owned intellectual property.
- Option Agreements, or Option Clauses within research agreements, describe the conditions under which Yale preserves the opportunity for a third party to negotiate a license for intellectual property. Option clauses are often provided in a Sponsored Research Agreement to corporate research sponsors at Yale, or are entered into with third parties wishing to evaluate the technology prior to entering into a full license agreement.
- Material Transfer Agreements (MTAs), used for incoming and outgoing materials at Yale, are administered by OCR when the other party is a for-profit entity. These agreements describe the terms under which Yale researchers and outside researchers may share materials, typically for research or evaluation purposes. Intellectual property rights can be jeopardized if materials are transferred and used without a proper MTA.
- Sponsored Research Agreements (SRAs) or Collaboration Research Agreements (CRAs) with for-profit organizations are also negotiated by OCR. These agreements include provisions that address how intellectual property, which may arise out of the research, will be handled.